Acne vulgaris, more commonly referred to as acne vulgaris, is thought to be caused by a multitude of factors. Hormones cause an increase in the overproduction of natural oil on the skin called sebum. When this is combined with insufficient shedding of exfoliating dead skin cells, hair follicles become clogged. The blocked follicle may become inflamed and harbour an increased amount of Propionibacterium acnes.
Acne vulgaris can be diagnosed by looking for these warning signs:
Acne is commonly believed to be the result of blocked hair follicles on the skin. Typically, this obstruction is caused by oil or skin cells. One or more of the following acne vulgaris signs and symptoms may be present:
- Tender bumps
- Pimples that have pus
- Pimples that are painful
Who is at high risk of getting acne?
Around 85–100% of people tend to experience acne at some point of their lives, with the majority of them experiencing it in their teens. Acne can linger far into one’s thirties, if not longer.
How serious may adult acne become?
- Grade 1 (mild): it is a mild condition where whiteheads and blackheads can be found.
- Grade 2: Multiple papules and pustules, mainly on the face. Numerous papules and pustules, with most of them located on the face.
- Grade 3: Numerous papules and pustules, possibly accompanied by inflammatory nodules.
- Grade 4: Numerous large, painful, and inflammatory pustules and nodules in.
How are the causes of acne vulgaris on the face?
Acne is primarily a hormonal ailment caused by androgen hormones, which peak during adolescence and early adulthood. Acne can be induced by an abnormal response to these hormones in combination with microorganisms on the skin’s surface and fatty acids within oil glands.
Certain items can cause acne and make it worse:
- Picking at acne lesions is a common occurrence.
- Pollution in the air and specific meteorological conditions, most notably high humidity.
- Utilization of high oil content skincare items
- Stress, which increases the hormone cortisol, can also precipitate an acne attack.
How to get rid of acne?
Here are a few tips to get rid of acne:
Mild acne can be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) medications applied to the skin, such as gels, soaps, pads, creams, and lotions.
Alcohol-based gels hydrate the skin and are therefore more suitable for oily skin.
- Oral antibiotics can be taken for up to six months by those with moderate to severe acne.
- These efforts are aimed at reducing the population of P. Acnes.
- After a while, the bacteria can become resistant to the antibiotic and another one must be used. Acne is more susceptible to developing resistance to topical antibiotics than oral antibiotics.
- Antibiotics can be used to inhibit bacteria’s development and lessen inflammation.
Laser acne treatment:
Acne scars are the most common reason for using lasers at the time. The scarred collagen beneath the skin is burned, causing the body’s wound healing mechanism to be activated, resulting in the production of new, healthy collagen beneath the skin. This encourages the creation of new skin to replace it. Laser resurfacing is classified into two types: ablative and non-ablative. Your dermatologist will assess which type is most appropriate for you based on your skin type and the nature of your acne scars.
Using particular chemicals, this treatment eliminates the top layer of old skin. When the epidermis is removed, the new skin that grows in is typically smoother and can help decrease acne scars.
What are the preventive measures to follow to avoid flare ups of acne?
Preventing acne during normal hormonal shifts is tough, if not impossible. However, by following the below home tips it can avoid flaring them:
- Religious use of lotion.
- You do not need to quit using makeup, but you should strive to remove it at the end of each day.
- Maintaining distance between your hands and your face.
Acne vulgaris can create psychological distress in adolescents and anyone who is self-conscious about their looks. Counselors and therapists can help you if you’re experiencing depression or anxiety throughout treatment for acne vulgaris on the face.
Acne vulgaris can be a stressful issue, but it is treatable. It may take several weeks or even months of treatment before you notice any change, but your Dermatologist In Coimbatore will work with you to find a perfect treatment option that fulfills your needs. The condition is most prevalent between the ages of 10 and 30 and often resolves with age. Men are more frequently affected than women during youth, while women are more frequently affected during adulthood.