Do you know what skin cancer is? It’s one of the most common cancer in the world and surely will make you in a horrible state once you got this kind of disease. There is something that can cause skin cancer, including UV light. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation can damage DNA. This damage can sometimes affect certain genes that determine how and when cells grow and divide. If these genes do not function properly, the affected cells may form cancer.
Symptoms of Skin Cancer:
As we know, moles are skin cancer’s common symptoms. Here are some skin cancer symptoms:
- The changing moles
- Changing skin tone
- A sore that does not heal
- Pigment spreading from a spot to the surrounding skin
- Redness or a swelling that extends beyond the border
- Irritation, tenderness, or pain are changes in sensation
- The change in the surface of a mole, such as scaliness, bleeding, or bumps or nodules
- Lesion on your hands, feet, hands, fingers, or toes, or any lesions on your mucous membranes, such as your mouth, nose, vagina, or anus
Make an appointment with the best cancer doctor if you notice any changes to your skin that worry you. All changes to the skin are not the result of skin cancer. An investigation by your doctor will determine what the cause is.
Prevention of Skin Cancer
It may be caused by UV light exposure or inherited from parents or family. Perhaps,it is not that dangerous, but still, this disease will keep you away from socialize and it surely will bother you a lot.
Limiting UV Exposure:
In order to lower your risk of melanoma, you must protect yourself from UV exposure. Use sunscreen, hat, or wrap on sunglasses to protect your skin and eyes.
Vitamin D :
According to doctors, vitamin D has many health benefits. Vitamin D may even reduce the risk of cancer. when exposed to the sun, your skin produces vitamin D naturally. There are many factors that affect your vitamin D production, including your age, your skin color, and how bright the sun is where you live.
Treatment for Skin Cancer
Most basal cell and squamous cell cancers can be treated with surgery successfully. In most cases the surgery is minor. In most cases, the affected area will be removed under local anesthesia. There are several different types of surgery techniques that can be used. As for small cancer are often operated on under local anaesthetic, and general anaesthetic is needed by a larger cancer. If your cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, surgeon will need to remove them. Even though there may be no sign of actual spread, a few cancer cells can be missed. If they are not removed they can go on to develop into new tumours and spread further to other parts of the body.
Radiotherapy is usually used to treat basal cell or squamous cell cancers (non-melanoma skin cancer). Occasionally, radiotherapy is used in conjunction with surgery. It is possible to use radiotherapy after surgery if cancer cells are left behind. This is called adjuvant treatment. It reduces the possibility of the cancer coming back.
Chemotherapy (“chemo”) uses drugs that kill cancer cells. The drugs are usually injected into a vein or given by mouth. Cancer cells already spread beyond the skin to lymph nodes and other organs can be attacked by the immune system’s cells by traveling through the bloodstream. Chemotherapy is often used for treat advanced melanoma.