Atopic Dermatitis – Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

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Atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory dermatological condition that affects the skin over the long term. Dermatitis means inflammation. The term “atopic” refers to a group of hereditary diseases. There is no contagious nature to it (i.e., Passing it from one person to another isn’t easy).

Babies and very young children are most likely to contract the disease, and it can last up to adolescence once it has been initiated.

What is Atopic Dermatitis?

Atopic dermatitis, or eczema, is related to allergies. Atopic eczema causes intense itching of the skin. The result of scratching is redness, swelling, cracking, “weeping” clear fluid, crusting, and scaling, and can usually be found on the face, elbows, knees, and arms.

People with an ‘atopic tendency’ are more likely to develop atopic eczema. As a result, they may develop any or all of three linked conditions, allergic rhinitis (hay fever), atopic eczema, and asthma. These conditions often run in families, with a parent, child, or sibling also affected.

When diagnosing atopic eczema in infants, a family history of asthma, eczema, or hay fever is especially helpful. You need to get treatment for eczema immediately if you are affected by atopic eczema.

Atopic dermatitis causes itchy, chronic skin conditions. It is very common in children, however, it can affect people of all ages. It is also known as atopic eczema and eczema.

Food, seasonal, infection, stress, or climate changes, irritants, or allergens (such as dust mites or animal dander) can aggravate atopic dermatitis. Children and babies are most likely to suffer from atopic dermatitis. Recent studies show that many people still experience relapse, or even have the condition, although not as severe as teenagers and adults.

Older studies have found that most children outgrow their disorder. Other allergic conditions can also cause atopic dermatitis. More than 50% of people with atopic dermatitis later develop asthma and 75% develop allergic rhinitis.

What is the main cause of atopic dermatitis?

The cause of Atopic Dermatitis is unknown. An atopic dermatitis does not have a specific cause, but genetics and the environment may play an important role in its development. Doctors once believed that an emotional disorder caused atopic eczema. Psychological factors, such as stress, can worsen the condition, but they do not cause it.

Find common causes and risk factors of Atopic Dermatitis:

  • Families with asthma, and hay fever.
  • Low humidity, may lead to atopic eczema.
  • A combination of genetic and environmental factors.
  • Viral infections, such as herpes simplex.
  • Besides chlorine, atopic eczema can also occur due to exposure to chlorinated pools.
  • The winter season is the most common time to develop atopic eczema.

What are the symptoms of atopic dermatitis?

There are several signs and symptoms of the disease, include:

  • Dry, scaly skin
  • Redness and swelling of the skin
  • Scratching opens the bumps and causes them to weep.
  • The number of creases on the palms has increased.
  • There is an extra fold of skin under the eye.

If you find any above the symptoms, you must consult the best dermatologist to cure eczema.

What is the fastest way to cure atopic dermatitis?

As long as the substance causing the problem is still present, the treatment is ineffective. It usually takes a week for the redness to go away after the substance has been removed. Sometimes over-the-counter preparations are used. Steroids may be prescribed topically during an eczema flare-up to reduce skin inflammation. The four strengths of topical steroids are mild, moderately potent, potent, and very potent. Eczema and other autoimmune diseases affecting the skin have long been treated with corticosteroid creams and ointments. There are a lot of treatments for eczema.

Treatment may include :

  • The use of ultraviolet light therapy can be helpful in treating chronic eczema that does not respond well to other treatments.
  • The use of antihistamines is also an effective way to treat eczema. It is possible to recover quickly using this method.
  • An ointment or cream that decreases swelling and allergies.
  • Apply lubricant immediately following the bath.
  • Taking a lukewarm bath can also help treat atopic eczema.
  • Antibiotics to treat infections caused by bacteria.
  • Using light therapy and a drug called psoralen together.

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